DRR PROJECT

Oxfam (I) partnered SATRA in the year 2011 and entrust us to implement DRR (Disaster Risk Reduction) project. DRR aims to minimize the damage caused by natural hazards like flood, earthquake etc. we implemented this project in and around the flood prone villages of Sipajhar block and Pachim Mangaldai Block.

We identified four major areas of disaster risk reduction, they are-
1. Disaster preparedness
2. Wash
3. Livlihood
4. Govt. Linkage

Challenges were there on execution of every programme but we overcome and implemented quite successfully. It has been three years since we started with this project so by now satisfactory results are visible in and around the areas we worked.

Disaster never comes knocking at the door, it maycome any moment so wise thing is to be prepare and alert all the time. Results of vibrant and energetic awareness drive are on the ground today. Common people learned various techniques and its application during disaster through mock drill and awareness programme. Today there are at least five trained volunteers in every disaster prone villages of Sipajhar block area and Pachim Mangaldai Block area, these trained volunteers can organize, guide, rescue, first aid and can communicate with the concern Govt. department whenever necessary. Under this project or otherwise we have been observing disaster day particularly in Schools and without any doubt awareness level of the students raised significantly. So a long lasting and continuance chain of disaster preparedness has been established. Community action plan (CAP) was prepared and various problems of peoples came to light. We addressed those in our periphery and for others made linkage with the concern Govt. department.

WASH (Water, sanitation and hygiene) access to water and sanitation is the basic human fundamental right. Water supply for human and livestock consumption, for cultivation, household need during flood and after effect of flood due to contaminated water was area of priority to address. Therefore we installed raised hand pumps so that it does not get submerged in water during flood and people at least get water for daily needs. Sometime after flood epidemic like situation arises with contaminated water being the major or only contributor so we organize hand pump chlorination and demonstration drive. Hand pump chlorination is to kill underground water- borne pathogens, which otherwise may cause gastrointestinal illness, diarrhea, liver ailment, typhoid, cholera etc.

Mobilization of community members on WASH activities, capacity building of the wash committee members and awareness generating meetings showed results. Sanitation includes excreta disposal, solid waste management and drainage etc. excreta disposal is a problem during disaster like flood as the toilets submerged in water. So we built raised toilets in flood prone areas with hand washing facility and people are now using these toilets on regular basis even without flood also. Because of our advocacy PHE department completed few half-done toilets. In this year action plan we have plan to construct raised toilets specially design for elder, women and children.

Now people of these areas understand disease transmission, personal hygiene, safe water, ORS preparation etc. School based programme focused on students’ personal hygiene hand washing steps in particular. Awareness programmes on women personal hygiene during flood or without flood were of great help for women of the flood prone areas. We under took many activities under livelihood programme and introduce kitchen and floating gardening concept and provided women of the area with livestock support. Farmers also got the opportunity for technical training and exposure visit. We provided the farmers of the area with flood resilient and high yield seeds, these seeds responded well and productivity increases remarkably